• F2
  • F3
  • F4
  • F1

On Thursday, 2 April 2020, former TRC volunteer Alice Jaspars writes from London:

In times such as these, the importance of tradition is evident. Seeking to align ourselves with histories, both national and personal, is one way in which we can anchor ourselves when the world seems increasingly uncertain.

Yet many of the traditions we consider to be the oldest are in fact recent and even invented. There is no better example of this than the adoption of the Scottish kilt. Worn by school children and members of the armed forces alike, the tartan garb unites classes and nations in kind.

A 78th Highland Regiment kilt (1970’s, Scotland; TRC 2016.0571b).A 78th Highland Regiment kilt (1970’s, Scotland; TRC 2016.0571b).

The TRC’s own example of a kilt (TRC 2016.0571b) was donated by Magdalene Kircher and is believed to be one worn by a member of the 78th Highlands Regiment, with the kilt pin worn to prevent the garment from indecently exposing its occupant. While kilts were worn in combat up to World War One (1914-1918), it is most likely this one was reserved for ceremonial dress.

According to the British academic Eric Hobsbawm (1917-2012), the invention and maintenance of tradition allows us to understand how new traditions may be created (Eric Hobsbawm and Terence Ranger, 1983, The Invention of Tradition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). He argues that the first role of tradition is as a form of social cohesion through bonding a group in a collective action; the second is to legitimize the power base of an individual; and the third is to necessitate some kind of socialization.

The invention of the kilt in the 1800s fulfils the first and third of these, although it could be argued to have been exploited for the legitimization of power when it was briefly banned. The kilt was planted in social memory through a number of means, mainly through the work of the brothers Allen. Through a desire among the Irish immigrants in the Scottish Highlands to place themselves in Scottish history the kilt has now become part of the way in which Scots view themselves and how the world views them.

Clan tartan has become a point of pride, even for a number of people with arguably questionable links to Scotland. The humble kilt is evidence of our ability to formulate tradition and subsequent identity. It is far more than simply a piece of tartan.

Search in the TRC website

Subscribe to the TRC Newsletter

TRC in a nutshell

Hogewoerd 164
2311 HW Leiden.
Tel. +31 (0)71 5134144 /
+31 (0)6 28830428  

The TRC is open again from Tuesday, 2nd June, but by appointment only.

Bank account number:
NL39 INGB 0002 9823 59,
Stichting Textile Research Centre

TRC Gallery exhibition:
5 Febr. -27 August 2020: American Quilts

facebook 2015 logo detail




The TRC is dependent on project support and individual donations. All of our work is being carried out by volunteers. To support the TRC activities, we therefore welcome your financial assistance: donations can be transferred to bank account number NL39 INGB 000 298 2359, in the name of the Stichting Textile Research Centre.
Since the TRC is officially recognised as a non-profit making cultural institution (ANBI), donations are tax deductible for 125% for individuals, and 150% for commercial companies. For more information, click here
Financial donations to the TRC can also be made via Paypal: