Lace Identification 7 Examples

8. Terminology

Beveren lace: Beveren is a town in Belgium where this specific type of lace was made in the nineteenth century.

Cantu lace: Cantu is a town in Italy, associated with a bobbin lace known as Italian Rosaline.

Chantilly lace: Chantilly is a town in France, known for the black continuous bobbin lace produced in the second half of the eighteen century.

Chemical lace: An embroidery with a cotton thread is stitched on a silk fabric, which is dissolved in a later working process. This technique is used to imitate almost any handmade lace.Filling: Stitches that fill the enclosed spaces of the lace representing flowers, abstracted forms, fruits, animals or people.

Cloth stitch: The thread is more closely woven with a cross-twist-cross forming a compact surface.

Edge: The finishing outlines of the lace.

Filling: Stitches that fill the enclosed spaces of the lace representing flowers, abstract forms, fruits, animals or people.

Gimp: The gimp is a thick thread outlining portions of the design, mostly apparent in bobbin lace.

Ground: The ground fills open spaces and supports solid parts.

Lace trim: narrow lace stripe used to decorate clothing or household goods.

Levers machine: This machine was invented by John Levers in 1813. The machine produces imitations of handmade bobbin laces.

Lille/Tulle ground: A fine net that can be made by machine or hand.

Half stitch: The Half stitch is more open, looking like a grill of intersecting threads. Made with a cross-twist movement.

Paris ground/Kat stitch: The ground is formed by hexagons and triangles creating a star-shaped look.

Point de Rose/Rosaline: This lace can be referred to a variety of laces, like Venetian needle lace or Brussels bobbin lace. It has an intensive flower design with raised parts.

Pusher machine: The Pusher machine was invented in 1812. The machine produces good imitations of bobbin lace, especially Chantilly lace.

Side: The side of the lace is indicated by its decorations, a raised gimp or any other indicator showing a front or backside.

Valenciennes ground: is a town on the French-Flemish border, known for its continuous bobbin laces.

Venetian lace: Is a needle lace specific to the region of Venice with the look of carved ivory and raised work.







Browse through the exhibition: « 7. Two pieces of black Chantilly lace