Ancient Middle East and North Africa

Ancient Middle East and North Africa

The site of Qumran (Khirbet Qumran) is located on an arid plateau along the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea, on the West Bank, Palestine, some twelve km south of Jericho. The settlement was constructed during the reign of John Hyrcanus (164-104 BC), a Hasmonean (Maccabean) leader. The village was destroyed by the Romans in AD 68.

In the early 1980's, excavations were conducted at a Christian cemetery near Selia (also spelt Seila in some sources), along the eastern edge of the Fayoum depression, Egypt. The excavations at Selia were directed by Wilfred Griggs, Brigham Young University, USA. The oldest monument in the region is a four-stepped pyramid dating to the early Third Dynasty (2686-2613 BC).

Tutankhamun was an ancient Egyptian pharaoh who reigned from approximately 1333 until 1323 BC. He became pharaoh when he was about eight years old and died at the age of about 19. He was buried with a wide range of luxury and daily life objects, including furniture, weapons, chariots, beds, chests, jewellery, perfumes, games, as well as the textiles from his wardrobe, many of which were decorated in some manner. 

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