Embroidery stitches

Embroidery stitches

A darning stitch is a decorative technique whereby a running stitch is worked in parallel lines in order to create a pattern with both negative and positive elements. The result is called darned embroidery, or pattern darning. It is normally a form of counted thread embroidery, worked on an even-weave ground.

The detached buttonhole stitch is a filling stitch, which is used to make a raised area. It is created by first making two or more horizontal straight stitches on top of the area to be worked. Then a line of buttonhole stitches is made, being woven into the straight stitches, going from left to right, without entering the ground material.

The detached chain stitch is a form of free style embroidery, which can be used to create one or more isolated small loops on the surface of the ground material.

The detached cross stitch is a variation on a cross stitch, in which each complete cross is worked in isolation from the cross stitch on either side of it. This type of stitch is used for both counted thread work and free-style embroidery.


The detached double fly stitch is a variation on a double fly stitch, in which the stitches are worked detached from one another. GVE

A detached fly stitch is a variation on a fly stitch, in which the stitches are worked detached from one another. GVE

The detached long armed cross stitch is a variation of the detached cross stitch, in which one arm of the cross is extended.

A detached overcast stitch is a raised stitch that is created using a foundation line of stem stitches, which is then hidden with small overcast stitches.

The detached twisted fly stitch is a variation on the fly stitch, in which a loop is created by crossing over the two arms of the stitch.

The detached twisted fly stitch with chain stitch fastening is a composite stitch, which is made up of a row of detached twisted fly stitches fastened down with a chain stitch. This type of stitch is used for free-style embroidery and is associated with Saudi Arabian and Yemeni embroidery.

The diagonal mosaic stitch is a very simple form of diagonal stitch, built up of two short, diagonal stitches flanking one larger, diagonal one. When applied vertically, it is called the Hungarian stitch. Also known as the condensed Scotch stitch.

A diagonal stitch is used on canvas and is applied to fill large areas with the effect of woven or brocaded material. It consists of a satin stitch (or tent stitch) being worked in diagonal rows from top left to bottom right hand corner.

A double back stitch can be worked on either the front or the back of a piece of cloth. When worked on the front it is done as two parallel rows of back stitches, which create the effect of a closed herringbone stitch on the reverse side of the material (A). If it is worked on the reverse side it is carried out in the form of a closed herringbone stitch, which produces the effect of two parallel rows of back stitch on the front side (B).

The double buttonhole stitch is an embroidery technique consisting of two rows of buttonhole stitches or blanket stitches. A row of stitches are worked leaving a space between each stitch and then the work is turned around 180 degrees and another row of stitches is worked, making sure that the stitches of the second row fit into the spaces left by the first. Sometimes another thread or a ribbon is threaded through the stitches.

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