Embroidery stitches

Embroidery stitches

The guilloche stitch is a composite border stitch, named after an architectural term that refers to a ornamental band with two or more interwoven, wavy lines. The two outer lines are made with stem stitch. In between, groups of three satin stitches are worked. These are threaded in two journeys, without entering the ground material, creating (irregular) circles. In the middle of each circle a French knot is made.

The half back stitch is made in very much the same way as the 'normal' back stitch, but the stitches on the obverse of the fabric are separated, and not touching each other as with the back stitch. Also known as the detached back stitch.

The half cross stitch is exactly what it says: it is half of the cross stitch.


The hem stitch or hem stitching is a ornamental drawn thread work technique, which is generally used to decorate the hem of garments or household textiles. Sometimes the technique involves the use of threads with a different colour from the main material. 

The herringbone stitch is an embroidery technique that is worked from left to right along an imaginary double line. The thread is brought out at the bottom left hand corner and inserted a little to the right on the upper line and then brought out to the left. The needle returns to the lower line again and is brought out to the left. The stitch is then repeated.

Hira-nui is the Japanese term for the satin stitch. It is generally applied to create flowers and leaves using a floss silk.  WV

Hollie stitch is a form of lace stitch used to create hollie or holy point lace, which was popular in England in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The stitch, according to Mary Thomas and following her description, is partially detached from the ground material and takes the form of a series of connected, small knots.

The horizontal cross stitch is a variation on a cross stitch, in which the two arms of the stitch are worked vertically/horizontally rather than diagonally. Often the horizontal bar is shorter than the vertical one. This type of stitch can be used for both counted thread work and free-style embroidery.

The horizontal satin stitch is a normal satin stitch, but worked along a horizontal line, instead of diagonal or vertical.

in Italy, the flame stitch is known as Punto unghero (‘Hungarian Point’), suggesting that this particular embroidery style was regarded as originating from Hungary. However, in English the term ‘Hungarian Point’ generally refers to a diamond-shaped stitch also called the Hungarian point stitch.

The Hungarian stitch, also called the Hungary stitch, is the name sometimes used for the flame stitch, but also for an upright form of the (diagonal) mosaic stitch.

The interlaced herringbone stitch is a variation of a herringbone stitch, whereby a row of herringbone stitches is worked and then interlaced with a second yarn, usually in a contrasting colour. The interlacing yarn does not pass through the ground material.

Page 9 of 22