Chenille Thread

Chenille threads. Chenille threads.

Chenille thread is a form of tufted yarn. The name derives from the French word chenille, for  ‘caterpillar'. Traditionally, chenille thread is made by weaving a fabric (chenille blanket) with the warp ends (usually four) placed in groups, with a gap in between each group and a weft in a much thicker yarn (or pile). The resulting woven fabric is then cut along the length between the groups of warp ends to make very long tufted strips that are used as yarns.

By the end of the twentieth century, many chenille threads were made with a knitted rather than a woven warp.

See also: Arrasene and Arrasene embroidery.


  • BURNHAM, Dorothy (1980). Warp and Weft: A Textile Terminology, Toronto: Royal Ontario Museum, p. 22.
  • TORTORA, Phyllis G. and Ingrid JOHNSON (2014). The Fairchild Books: Dictionary of Textiles, 8th edition, London: Bloomsbury, p. 116.

Digital source of illustration (retrieved 6 June 2016).


Last modified on Saturday, 14 January 2023 13:16
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