Woven and interlocking materials

Woven and interlocking materials

Aida is an even weave cloth often used for counted thread embroidery. The material is mesh-like in construction for ease of stitch counting and has enough stiffness so that an embroidery frame or hoop is not necessary. Older forms of Aida are made of linen, while most twentieth-century examples are of cotton.

Antique canvas is a late twentieth century term given to brown or beige coloured canvas.

Atlas is the Arabic term for a form of striped satin cloth. There are various forms of atlas. The material is made in yellows and ochres for the Yemeni market. These are colours that are often regarded as being African in origin, rather than the red, white and blue combinations that are more commonly associated with Syrian atlas used for Palestinian or Egyptian garments.

Binca is an English (UK) trade name given to a form of embroidery canvas that is woven in groups of threads, rather than individual threads. It is consequently sometimes classed as a mock-leno weave. It is the same as aida, but slightly coarser, with about 2-3 meshes per cm. The name binca appears in the late 1960's. It is sometimes used in English publications as a synonym for aida or bincanette.

Bincarette is an obsolete English trade name used by William Briggs and Company, Manchester, England, for aida or Binca cloth.

Bobbinet is a form of machine net (tulle) invented by the English engineer John Heathcoat in 1808. It is an imitation of the (hexagonal) net ground used in bobbin lace making. Bobbinet has an hexagonal mesh constructed by looping the weft thread around the vertical warp thread.

Bolting is a nineteenth century form of canvas, so named because it was originally used for bolting or sieving meal and flour.

Brocatelle is a type of woven cloth comparable to a brocade, but with a design in high relief. This type of cloth has been made in Europe and elsewhere since the eighteenth century, usually on a Jacquard loom. Brocatelle normally has a firm texture, with a distinctive blistered or puffed appearance. This type of cloth was used for soft furnishings, notably curtains and upholstery.

Buratto cloth is named after buratto, which is an Italian word for a sieve or sifter.

Calico is originally a cotton cloth imported from the East (India). It is named after the Indian city of Kozhikode (Kerala State; known by the English as Calicut) in southwestern India. From about 1578 onwards the word calico has come to mean, in England, a plain white unprinted, and unbleached cotton cloth. It may contain un-separated husk parts.

Canvas is a general term for a strong, firm, machine-made material, usually made of cotton, flax or occasionally silk. Canvas is produced in many grades and qualities, and may be softly finished or highly sized (starched).

Check canvas is a form of canvas, in which the warp threads are worked in three sets of two threads, and the weft threads are worked in three sets of four threads. GVE

Cloth is a general term for a fabric or textile. It usually refers to a woven material.

Cloth of gold was an extremely expensive fabric produced at different periods and in different parts of the world, but especially known from late medieval Europe, and produced particularly in northern Italy. It is characterised by gold (or sometimes silver) threads (normally passing) woven into a precious, often a silk fabric, creating a stiff and heavy (and very expensive) material.

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