Woven and interlocking materials

Woven and interlocking materials

Satin cloth is a type of woven material that has a glossy surface and a dull reverse. This effect is achieved through a satin weave.

In the late nineteenth century, the term stamped plush was used to describe strips about 10-15 cm wide that were used to decorate the borders of curtains, upholstery and so forth.

Stamped Utrecht velvet is a mid- to late nineteenth century term for a type of stamped velvet that was used to decorate furniture. It was often embroidered.

Sudan canvas is a double-thread canvas

Taffeta is a general term for a group of fabrics that are smooth, thin and shiny. They are made from a tabby weave (as opposed to satin cloth, which is a shiny fabric made from a satin weave). It normally has a finely ribbed effect created by the weft threads being heavier than the warp threads.

Tamis is a coarse worsted cloth, originally used for straining sauces. The term derives from the French word tamis (‘sieve’). It is now sometimes used as the ground material for coarse forms of embroidery. The word is also used for a sieve, especially for Indian cooking (also known as a drum sieve or chalni).

Tammy cloth is a coarse, union (a mixture of two different types of fibres) cloth made of cotton and worsted (wool). The word derives from tamis, which is a cloth originally used for sieving (see French tamis, ‘sieve’). It is also called tammies. It should not be confused with ‘tammy’, the abbreviation for a Tam o’Shanter, a form of woollen bonnet used in Scotland.

Three-twist Brussels net is a diamond (rather than hexagonal) net invented in 1831 and produced with a modified bobbinet machine.

Tulle is a lightweight, very fine form of net with a hexagonal mesh, machine-made and often starched. It can be made of various fibres, including cotton, nylon, rayon and silk. The word is often used synonymously with net. The name comes from Tulle, a city in the south-central part of France. Tulle was well known as a centre for lace and silk production in the eighteenth century. It is likely that early tulle netting originated here.

Waste canvas is a canvas that is held together with glue. It is used as an embroidery guide, and once the embroidery is completed the underlying canvas is dampened and removed, leaving the embroidery directly lying onto the ground material.

Wire canvas is a fine wire mesh used in the latter half of the nineteenthth century as a ground material for Berlin wool work.

Worsted cloth is smooth, napless cloth woven from yarn that has been spun from combed wool (worsted threads). Some examples of worsted cloth are gabardine, serge and worsted. The name is derived from the village of Worstead (Norfolk, England), where this type of thread and cloth was originally produced.

The word ‘wrought’ is a general English term that can refer to any decorated object, but it used to have a more precise meaning when applied to stitched items.

Zulu cloth is a nineteenth century English brand name for a closely woven cloth with a twill weave.

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