Ingrain is a textile term that refers to the fastness of the dye. It means that the dye does not come off easily.

Ingrain textile dyes, also called developed dyes, can be applied directly onto the fabric. The dyed fibres/threads are washed prior to being spun/woven and  they will not easily discharge their colours. There is also ingrain wallpaper (German: Rauhfaser), which can be directly painted upon.


  • CAULFEILD, Sophia Frances Anne and Blanche C. SAWARD (1882), The Dictionary of Needlework, London: L. Upcott Gill, p. 271.
  • TORTORA, Phyllis G. and Ingrid JOHNSON (2014). The Fairchild Books: Dictionary of Textiles, 8th edition, London: Bloomsbury, p. 305.
  • Shorter Oxford English Dictionary: ‘Ingrain’.


Last modified on Wednesday, 26 April 2017 15:35