Youghal Lace

Example of Youghal lace. Example of Youghal lace.

Youghal lace (also called Youghal needlepoint lace or Point d'Irlande) is a form of needlepoint lace from Ireland. This style of lace was first made commercially at the Presentation Convent, Youghal, County Cork, Ireland, when a school, with lacemaking facilities, was opened in 1852 after Mother Mary Ann Smith had learnt the techniques by unpicking some old Venetian raised needlepoint forms.

The Youghal school used the old Venetian needlepoint lace techniques as a basis, but they developed their own style. Presentation Convent at Youghal also made reproductions of other seventeenth and eighteenth century lace styles. Venetian lace styles were also made at the Presentation Convents at Kenmare and New Ross.

Youghal lace has rounded hexagons made from bars ('brides') with picots using buttonhole loops. The main designs usually consist of naturalistic flowers such as anemones, fuchsias, pansies, as well as wild roses in full bloom or as tight buds from trailing stems. They are filled with various filling stitches.

Youghal lace was used to make collars, small accessories, as well as fine fan leaves, A Youghal fan, for example, was made for the wedding of Princess Maud (1869-1938), daughter of Edward VII in 1896. Another royal item made from Youghal lace was a court train made for Queen Mary (1867-1953) and worn by her at the Delhi Durbar (India) of 1911. The production of Youghal stopped as a result of the First World War (1914-1918) and the lack of demand for luxury items such as lace.

See also Kenmare lace.

See a schematic survey of lace types

Sources:

  • EARNSHAW, Pat (1984). A Dictionary of Lace, Aylesbury: Shire Publications Ltd., PL. 187.
  • EARNSHAW, Pat (1988). Youghal and other Irish Laces, Guildford: Gorse Publications.
  • EARNSHAW, Pat (1990). Youghal Lace: The Craft and the Cream, Guildford: Gorse Publications.

Digital source

Digital source of illustration (retrieved 6 July 2016).

GVE

Last modified on Thursday, 27 April 2017 16:35
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