Patchwork and quilting

Patchwork and quilting

Padding consists of some type of material that is used as the interlining for quilting or the filling of flat cushions, etc. It is often, but not necessarily always, soft and added for warmth.

A padding string (sometimes known as a padding cord) is used as a padding for various types of decorative needlework.

Patchwork is a form of needlework whereby two or more pieces of cloth are sewn together to create a larger, usually flat piece, which may or may not be decorative. This technique is found throughout the world and has been used for hundreds of years. It probably originated from the need to re-use (expensive) textiles. It should not be confused with the technique of quilting, which sews together, in layers, two or more pieces of cloth.

A patchwork quilt is a traditional form of quilt, in which the decorative, top layer is made from some form of patchwork. Patchwork is where two or more pieces of cloth are abutting and sewn together. There are various types of patchwork used for making quilts, such as crazy and pieced. Many forms of quilts are in fact patchwork quilts.

According to the Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, the verb 'to piece' means: 'to mend, make whole or complete by adding a piece or pieces; to patch.' The verb has also taken on a related meaning in the terms 'piecework' or 'pieced patchwork', which is a form of patchwork that is made by sewing together small, geometric shapes cut out of stiffish paper or card, which are covered in cloth. 

American term for patchwork made using card or paper templates.


Digital source of illustration (retrieved 29 May 2016)


Term often used for (pieced) patchwork. See also pieced patchwork.

A form of crazy patchwork. See patchwork

A quilt is a bedcover or coverlet normally made from two layers of cloth with a layer of raw or woven wadding in between. The top layer of a quilt (from the Old French coilte, Latin culcita, 'mattress' or 'cushion') may be made of a single length of material, or two or more pieces sewn together, often using a patchwork technique. The bottom layer usually consists of a plain length of cloth.

The top layer of a quilt is often made of identical or diverse series of design blocks. These blocks are made separately and then sewn together.

Quilting is a sewing technique whereby two or more layers of cloth are sewn together to make a thicker structure, often called a quilt. Quilts usually, but not always, have a padding material (wadding or batting) of some kind in between two other layers.

Shadow quilting is a technique that is comparable to corded quilting. A double outline with small running stitches is worked through two layers of thin, sheer material (such as organdie or a fine silk), rather than a thicker, opaque material in the case of corded quilting.

A single pattern quilt has a pattern based on the repetition of a single block design. GVE

Stained glass patchwork is a twentieth century form of patchwork, whereby areas of coloured cloth are separated by monochrome bands (such as in black), in imitation of stained glass windows.

String quilting is a form of patchwork that uses long strips of material, called strings. They can be sewn together in such a manner that they create specific patterns, or they may be worked in a random manner (free-form).

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