Embroidery stitches

Embroidery stitches

Surface darning is a technique that creates a densely woven surface on a plain and even-weave fabric. First a layer of surface satin stitches is worked, after which a second thread is woven in and out of the satin stitches. The second thread should only contact the ground material along the edges.

The surface satin stitch is a technique whereby the stitches are worked in close, parallel rows. They are used to fill in all or part of a design. At first glance, the surface satin stitch looks like the satin stitch, but instead of the stitches being taken across both the surface and reverse of the ground material, a surface satin stitch only covers the surface of the cloth.

Tent stitch is an umbrella term for several different, but related free style and canvas embroidery stitches. A tent stitch is a small, diagonal stitch that crosses the intersection between the horizontal and vertical threads of the ground material. The term ‘tent’ derives from the French tenter, meaning ‘to stretch.’

The threaded back stitch is a variation of the back stitch. It is made on a foundation of ordinary back stitches worked in a line. This line of stitches is then threaded with a second and/or third thread, which is usually in a different colour to that used for the back stitches.

The threaded chain stitch is a variation on a chain stitch

The threaded herringbone stitch is a variation on the herringbone stitch, in which a second thread is threaded (laced) upwards and downwards through the foundation stitches (in this case the herringbone stitches). The threading yarn does not penetrate the ground material and is usually in a different colour from that used for the herringbone stitch.

The threaded reverse arrowhead stitch is a variation on a reverse arrowhead stitch.

Threaded stitches, also known as laced stitches, are a group of stitches characterised by a 'foundation’ stitch that is combined with a second thread.

The tied herringbone stitch is a composite stitch, which is worked by making a line of herringbone stitches followed by a line of coral stitches over the top, preferably in a contrasting colour. This stitch is also known as the coral knotted herringbone stitch.

Tome-nui is the Japanese term used for the couching stitch that fixes the couching thread to the ground material. The term is particularly used for watashi-nui. WV

A trailing stitch is a composite stitch generally used to make a raised outline. First a line of back stitches are made, and these are then whipped by another thread that is passed around the back stitches, without piercing the ground material. Also known as whipped back stitch.

The trammed cross stitch is a variation of the cross stitch, whereby a series of cross stitches are worked over a thickish thread. The cross stitches should be worked very closely together. The tramming thread gives a padded effect while at the same time strengthening the cross stitching.

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